Friday, October 24, 2014

Conclusions Boarding School Tribunal

Boarding School Tribunal Green Bay photo by Brenda Norrell

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By Brenda Norrell
Censored News

GREEN BAY, Wisconsin -- During the conclusion of the Boarding School Tribunal on Friday, Dennis Banks spoke on the history and direction of the American Indian Movement.
"Revitalization, what does that mean? We need a shot in the arm," Banks said.
Banks urged the youths to take a role in defining the future of the American Indian Movement.
Banks said of the youths, "We have to let them step up."
Banks described the history of AIM across the nation. He said one goal of AIM must be staying away from alcohol and drugs.
Floyd Westerman and Vernon Bellecourt have passed away, and they should be remembered and honored, he said.
The tree of racism will grow if AIM doesn't combat racism. We need to combat racism, alcohol and drugs, he said.
"We have to do all that, plus keep moving forward."
Herb Powless said the story that Madonna Thunder Hawk's story of boarding school reminded him of his own mother.
"My father was born in 1886."
"My great-grandfather came from New York, that's where the Oneida people came from."
Herb's great-grandfather was Paul Powless.
Speaking of Russell Means and Dennis Banks, Powless said, "Russell and Dennis, I've seen them in action." Powless said he had seen them "duke it out" with the cops.
One of the Native women is now speaking. "The mission schools take from us, our futures, our children. Today they are robbing our kids from our beautiful ways, from learning how to greet the morning sun."
"It is very important that when you take from Mother Earth, that you must put down your tobacco."
"We have to feed them," she said of feeding the ancestors who have passed on.
"My mom made sure I learned this way."
It is the traditional ways that saved her.
"Our kids are getting suicidal. They don't have this, some of them don't know this."
"I just lost my niece, about a year ago. She was so beautiful."
With tears, she said, "I miss you my baby."
"They are getting to us, and they are still doing it."
She said after the meeting, people will go their own ways.
"We all have to remember it is our babies."
During the Friday afternoon session, Mike Forcia, Chairman of the American Indian Movement in Minneapolis, is speaking now.
Mike started up the AIM patrol after one of the men died. Every Sunday they would have a homeless breakfast. They also gave out personal supplies.
They were at the Indian Center, but now there is no place to do the homeless breakfast and a place to give out supplies.
Mike said there was a young man who was stabbed 19 times, and was taken to the hospital and lived. The AIM Patrol also helps the elders. This is the type of help they are giving.
"I've never considered myself a leader, I'm more of a helper."
Mike spoke of the tarsands and destruction. "They are destroying us."
"They just increased their carbon footprint."
"We need those plants and animals for our food, our clothing, our housing to survive."
"But the plants and animals don't need us."
Mike said, "I hope a lot of people in America and around the world see what happened in the boarding schools, what happened to us."
Mike said he can't speak his language today because of those boarding schools.
Today began with a Pipe Ceremony.
Tonight there will be a banquet with Bill Miller and Buggin Malone.







Day 3 Boarding School Tribunal Watch Live!

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Bill Means at Boarding School Tribunal
Photo by Brenda Norrell





Day 3 Live at the Boarding School Tribunal in Green Bay, Wisconsin
Click arrow above to watch live or go to:
http://www.livestream.com/earthcycles

Bill Means: "We are rebuilding our nations, because we have treaties"

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News

GREEN BAY, Wisconsin -- The Boarding School Tribunal began its third and final day with speakers on Language Revitalization and the testimony of Bill Means, Lakota. Madonna Thunder Hawk shared the story of a Lakota elder from Cheyenne River in South Dakota. At four years old, he was thrown against the wall repeatedly until his bones were broken for wetting the bed in boarding school. His back is still scared from the beatings there.
Bill Means, the brother of Russell Means, said the boarding school concept began in prison. It was Fort Marion in Florida where they kept Indian leaders who fought against the US.
Richard Henry Pratt began to teach the prisoners and transform them. He later created Carlisle, and the concept, "Kill the Indian and save the man."
In the Dakotas was the boarding schools where Means parents met.
One of the common punishments was for speaking your language.
"The most severe punishment was if they heard you singing songs in public."
Means said his mother didn't talk about it until she was older.
Means parents were at Flandreau Indian Boarding School.
Means said of the punishment, "They tied sacks of marbles on their knees and made them scrub the basement with a scrub brush on their knees for speaking their language."
Means' father worked with the horses at boarding school. Then, once the horse got spooked that his father and his friend were trying to catch. The horse and into barbed wire and received cuts. It was a prize horse of one of the staff at boarding school.
"He ended up beating my father's friend to death."
"He wasn't charged, he was just moved to another boarding school."
It was corporal punishment.
There was a conspiracy between the US military and the churches. Because of the boarding schools, they could identify the people by name that were still singing the songs and speaking the language.
The boarding schools changed his family names: "Feather Necklace" became Feather and "To Train the Horse," or "to make the horse become between two markers" was changed to Means. The boarding school translator said, instead of training horses, that his name meant that he was mean to his horses.
In the book, The Killing of Crazy Horse, reveals the history of the Means family.
His great-grandfather was one of three brothers: Grey Bear, Swift Hawk, and Means.
Like Crazy Horse, Means ancestors were considered hostiles. "They could be shot on sight."
"My grandfathers were part of that." 
They rode into Fort Robinson with Crazy Horse.
In boarding schools, one of his grandfathers learned harness making. But it was another failed policy, people were now driving cars and didn't need harnesses, Means said.
The Catholic Church used Indian people as slaves in Latin America. "Our people didn't accept that."
"They were more suppressed in Central and South America," Means said.
Means said "Indio" is now rising as a word of identity and power in the south.
Means said it has been ethnocide, the theft of Indian culture. The governments engaged in this conspiracy with the military and churches in the Americas.
Speaking on human rights, Means described the efforts of Eleanor Roosevelt.
"We are speaking about human rights of our Indigenous People."
Means said, "We are rebuilding our nations, because we have treaties."
"We are not going to stop until we get there."

Madonna Thunderhawk shared her interview with an elder about his boarding school experience. His last name came from a newspaper, Victor Herald.
Victor is from Cheyenne River Tribe in South Dakota. He was four years old when he was taken. 
"All he remembers was the trucks coming. It was a dump truck. He had no idea what was going on."
"Of course he didn't know English."
It was the late 1940s. The children in the family, all taken, had already cut their hair, because the boarding schools were still using DDT on the children when they arrived at those schools. Later they used kerosene on them.
Victor at four years old, was like a lot of the children, wet their beds. They were so traumatized.
Because he wet the bed, he was thrown against the wall by the dormitory attendant until his bones were broken at four years old.
Madonna said, "The dormitory attendant kept throwing him against the wall. He broke several of his ribs, broke his nose." The school never gave him medical treatment.
"He learned right off that you get beat up for not knowing what is going on."
Even though he was four years old, Victor at four would stay awake at night so he wouldn't wet the bed.
After that, it was the bullying that terrified the children.
"There was a lot of bullying and beatings that went on from the older children."
Victor was kept there for two years and forgot what his parents and relatives looked like. When he finally went home, he spoke English and it separated him from his family. "It separated him from his family because he was so different."
Now at 70 years old, Madonna said of Victor, "He still has scars on his back."
Those scars are from beatings and injuries that were never taken care of in the boarding school.
Madonna told the Boarding School Tribunal here in Green Bay, "He was very happy to have his story told."
Before coming here, Victor had told Madonna, "When you go there, you tell those people."

Melinda Young, Lac de Flambeau Tribal Historic Preservation officer spoke at the Boarding School Tribunal.
Melinda discovered there was an old boarding school on their land. It was a painful reminder. Some people wanted to burn down the building, but others wanted to preserve it as part of the painful history, so the United States government would never forget.
Melinda said she could not imagine the US government coming to her home and taking her child away.
Melinda described the restoration of the turn of the century boarding school's boy dormitory.
"We do this to remember them," Melinda said as she shared stories of the survivors children and grandchildren who come and visit the restored building.
During the restoration, they found a doll. The elders said the dolls were given to the children when they were taken away so they could re-enact the culture, like traditional dances, with those dolls.
The day began with a Pipe Ceremony.

Language Revitalization photo by Blue Skies Foundation

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Call for help: Sheep impounded, arrest, of Navajos resisting relocation Oct 2014

By Black Mesa Indigenous Support
French translation by Christine Prat
http://www.chrisp.lautre.net/wpblog/?p=2522

UPDATE from HPL (Hopi Partition Land) residents:  Shirley Tohannie and elder Caroline Tohannie  had their entire herd of 65 sheep impounded by the Hopi Rangers (US federal government) Tuesday, October 22, 2014.If the fines aren’t paid the sheep will go to auction, and the family is being told that the sheep will not be able to return to the family’s rangeland.  The cost to release the livestock is nearly $1,000.
Jerry Babbit Lane, the Tohannie’s neighbor on the HPL, was arrested by Hopi rangers when he attempted to check on his neighbors and was charged with disorderly conduct. He was released this evening, 10/23. Rangers told Shirley they plan to take Rena’s (Jerry’s mother) sheep too and that they’re going to start impounding across the HPL.
 As we’re writing, another family on Big Mountain has had nearly their entire herd impounded.

Residents are requesting human rights observers and sheepherders during this time of escalated harassment.  If you or anyone you know can come be a human rights observer to support the Dineh resistance on Black Mesa,now is the time. Doing human rights observation work can help stop or slow down the impoundment process. Families who will be potentially impacted by impoundments are requesting solidarity. Email blackmesais@gmail.com if you can come out.

“Call the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Hopi Rangers, and the Department of Interior. Ask they stop impounding sheep on the HPL. This is current day colonialism, our food sovereignty is being attacked. Call the BIA superintendent Wendel Honanie (at 928-738-2228), the Hopi Rangers Clayton Honyumptewa at (928-734-3601), and the Department of Interior at  (202 208-3100) and ask that they stop the unjust impoundments.”--Louise Benally  
Although these orders are coming from current Hopi policy, ultimately the relocation laws and livestock impoundments result from the federal government and Peabody Energy’s divide and conquer strategy used to open up the land for massive coal mining. “In the 1970s, Hopi elders encouraged the Dienh elders to remain on their homelands, saying if they did relocate, the coal mine would expand. The Hopi elders said it wasn’t them who wanted the land.”--NaBahii Keediniihii
A July 2012 report by the Navajo Nation Human Rights Commission classifies the relocation as a massive human rights violation and demands the immediate repeal of PL 93-531 and an end to relocation efforts and harassment in the form of surveillance, livestock impoundments, and disruption of gatherings and ceremonies that the resistance community experiences.
The sheep sustain the vitality of the people and the land, and traditional grazing practices need to be supported not severed. Impoundments are nothing less than harassment and human  rights violations.
For background information on the resistance of the HPL communities, click here.

BLACK MESA INDIGENOUS SUPPORT

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Day 2 Boarding School Tribunal Green Bay

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Dennis Banks, Bill Means, Grand Chief Terrance Nelson
Photo Brenda Norrell

Jean Whitehorse, Dine' (Navajo)
Photo Brenda Norrell

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News

GREEN BAY, Wisconsin -- The Tribunal on the Devastating Impacts of Boarding Schools began the second day with Jean Whitehorse, Dine' (Navajo) speaking on Native rights and the sterilization of Indian women.
Whitehorse said she went to the hospital in intense pain, and was asked to sign papers.
"Besides taking out my appendix, they sterilized me," said Whitehorse, of the sterilization carried out without her knowledge at Gallup Indian Hospital.
At that time, the US government published a pamphlet promising many horses to the Native American women who did not have many children.
"I'm proud I had one daughter before they did this to me."
Whitehorse spoke of her heroes, including Navajo women resisting relocation at Big Mountain and her own grandmother.
  Native Women Testify
During a panel of testimony, Kim Oseira, Alaskan Native and survivor of the Holy Cross Mission Orphanage in Holy Cross, Alaska, said always in life these experiences give you both pain and beauty.
"We were punished a lot, so we learned how to tell lies."
"We knew extensively that if we told the truth we would be punished"
She remembered being punished and having to move all the beds in the dormitory. She was around nine or ten and had to scrub the brown floors until they were white. She wanted to finish the final small area, when the nun grabbed her wrist and threw her.
"We starved. The nuns did not feed us properly."
Oseira read from her interview with Mary Annette Pember, when she described what happened to her and her sister in those boarding schools.
"The boarding school, located along the Yukon River, over 400 miles from Fairbanks, was officially called an orphanage in church records. Holy Cross Mission was founded in 1880 near the village of Holy Cross, a community of Athabascan and Yupik Eskimos ..."
"Oseira, 73, has come forward to tell her story because, she says, 'It is time.' Over several hours and multiple interviews she takes us through her childhood years at the Jesuit orphanage, sharing memories that she once thought were “completely blotted out."
"... There are few adults in Oseira’s earliest memories. She seemed to be alone even at age five in Nome, Alaska, where she was the primary care giver for her sister, Della Mae, two years younger. I was responsible for feeding her, changing her diapers, teaching her how to go potty, everything,” she recalls. Later she learned that her birth parents, non-Native father and  Alaska Native mother, were chronic alcoholics. Oseira was five years old in 1945 when her mother was sent to a TB sanatorium and suddenly everything changed.
“All I remember is desperately holding onto Della Mae. For some reason we were each wearing new dresses and carrying dolls. We’d never had dolls before. Della Mae wore blue and I wore pink,” she recalls.
Madonna Thunderhawk, Lakota from Cheyenne River, South Dakota, remembered her mother and her experiences in boarding schools in South Dakota. Thunderhawk described how the abuse in boarding schools, and freezing of emotions of her mother's generations continued into the next generation.
"She would say, 'You think you have it tough.'" Her mother did not speak of her experiences until she was elderly.
"We were scared silent," her mother said.
Her mother learned not to run away. If a child ran away, all the children were marched into one room of the boarding school. They cut off all their hair. "Then they would string them up and flog them," Thunderhawk remembered.
The children never made a sound.
When they were discovered speaking their own language, they had to kneel on beans on the floor for long periods of time.
But later, in high school, her mother changed boarding schools and became a champion tennis player.
Thunderhawk said as she grew up, she grew up with a stern mother, who provided well for them, but suffered the lack of emotion that resulted from being abused in boarding school.
Thunderhawk said she patterned herself after her mother, and now regrets how stern she was with her own children. Thunderhawk said she is glad her own children are now breaking that cycle. She credits the American Indian Movement with the change that took place in her own children and praised them for the good choices they are making.
Thunderhawk remembered her own boarding school experience, and her head being dumped in kerosene and then wrapped in towels. "No one said a word."
"You didn't cry, you didn't show any emotion."
Thunderhawk said in her own generation in boarding school, the abuse came from other children, the bullies.
"I had to protect my sister. I didn't become a bully, but I became tough."
Thunderhawk said she realized, "We had no parenting skills." As a result, "We have all this dysfunction in our families." She said it is the same all over the world, including Australia. Today there are alcohol and drugs, and no parenting skills, as a result of the inter-generational trauma because of abuse in boarding schools.
Today, Thunderhawk devotes herself to halting the abuse being carried out by US Social Services. Children are still being ripped from their homes.
"It is still going on."

A Menominee elder, 93, from Wisconsin spoke sadly about how she wants to go back to the family farm. She remembered her own parents, and said they were in Carlisle Boarding School.

"We were punished for things we couldn't help, things that were not their own fault."
"The school is gone, the fence is gone, but the memories are still there."
She said she is thankful that the school is no longer there. "It was abusive."
"We're Native Americans. We are not Indians. We were here when Columbus came."

Yvonne Swan is Sinixt, "People of the Arrow Lakes, of the Colville Confederated Tribes from Washington state.

"They thought that sending us to a boarding school was advantageous. They thought we would get a good education."
Remembering her grandfather, she said, "He named us after the ancestors." 
Swan's grandfather said it was necessary so that when they passed on, the Spirits would recognize them.
Speaking about the purpose of the Boarding School Tribunal, Swan said it is important to heal.
"The United States took a lot of things from our people."
"We have to come from deep within, and get all that out."
Sharing her own experience, she said she had a "free floating fear." She described when an intruder came into her home and she acted to protect her family.
Describing her own experience in a mission boarding school, she said her parents were poor, but they sent a little money to the mission. This meant she was treated a little better than some others. 
But still, the conditioning, and the religious teaching about sin, left her feeling bad about herself.
"What kind of sins are a little six-year-old going to commit?"
She questioned why girls and boys were treated differently.
Swan became sick from the mission boarding school food. She would climb into the hills and eat the roots and sunflowers for healing. The boarding school seldom took the children to the doctor.
Speaking about the boarding school, she said, "They censored our letters from our families. They probably wanted to see if we were going to get any money." She never received all the letters her family sent her.
While cleaning the kitchen in the boarding school, she saw the steaks and fresh fruit that the teachers and staff would eat. The children ate brown mush called "dynamite."
Swan's cousins would wet their bed and they were shamed and forced to sit in a tub of ice water. They were slapped and forced to sleep on beds of straw.
There was a pattern: "Ridicule, beat us down, make us tell untruths so we wouldn't be punished."
"The priests had two straps. The 'little suzy' was used on little girls." The boys were hit with the "black might" strap.
The nuns hit the children with a ruler until the children's hands would bleed.
Swan said tearfully that many of the children turned to alcohol and died of suicide and in car accidents.
"There were six people in my family that took their lives."
"One of my nieces hanged herself in jail. One of my nephews hanged himself in tribal jail."
Three of her nephews shot themselves.
This is historical trauma.
"You feel so alone."
In boarding school, the children were taught about Jesus, the Bible, brotherhood. "But you can't relate -- you have to march, you have to stand, there is no love."
Swan described how her sister was grabbed and held by a priest, and the unwanted embrace ended when someone entered the room.
She described how the children of the survivors went on to spank their own children too hard, out of fear, fear of predators, fear of the dangers out there.
Swan described her aunt's sickness from hunger in boarding school. Her aunt asked another for her orange peelings to eat because she was so hungry. The orange peelings were thrown on the ground, and the person said, "Go get them you pig."
She described how her brother was kicked in the back, and ran away. It took him 10 days walking through the snow and over the mountain.
One child was knocked down to the bottom of the stairs for speaking her language.

Children read stories from Boarding Schools


During the second day of the Tribunal, Oneida children read stories from boarding school experiences. They shared the story of one boy who was slapped for telling the truth about writing his name in his own dictionary. Another read the story of a child who was beaten because she could not defend herself from false accusations because she did not speak English.


Second panel of witnesses on Thursday


Roxanna Banguis, Ed.D., Tlingit, Haida and Sechelt, said her mother told her that there were a lot of beatings in the boarding school in Sechelt B.C. Her mother was very sick for a long time. She was never cared for by a doctor. It was the other children who brought her food.
Her mother was sexually molested by the older boys. Those boys learned these sexual acts from the people that worked at the boarding school and the boys were repeating the sexual abuse that happened to them.
When the school partially burned down, skeletons of babies were found in the walls.
"The sexual molesters, the predators, found a job where they can abuse children."
But Native people were not vanished, they were not disappeared as a people.
"We are still here," she said. She pointed out that this history of boarding schools "has been swept under the carpet."
"The worst is the baby skeletons they found in those walls. We don't know if those were Native Americans, or from the nuns." She said the nuns were not celibate.

Grand Chief Terrance Nelson of the Southern Chiefs Organization is vice chairman of the American Indian Movement. 

"The reason my heart is in AIM is they won't put up with the crap that has been done to our people."
Chief Nelson described the influences in his life, from the American Indian Movement to Malcom X. He also spoke of the children killed by the United States in Iraq and his trips to Iraq and Iran. 
Chief Nelson said he understands the psychology of abuse and control that was used on Indian children in boarding schools.
"In order to wipe out people, you have to dehumanize them."
"You have to take their children away from them."
Chief Nelson told the story of James, 10 years old. James was in boarding school with Chief Nelson's mother. The first time he ran away, they shaved his head. The second time he ran away, they made James stand weighted down with a ball and chain in the hall, where he would feel shame as the children passed by. 
Then he ran away a third time.
"The principle strapped him up and down his arm." But James did not cry. Then the principle strapped him up and down his other arm. It took a long time, but they finally made James cry.
Years later, James was stabbed to death, when he was an alcoholic on the street.
What they did that day with the strappings was for the control of the other children.
Chief Nelson remembered his mother's words. "I learned to cry and cry fast, so they would leave me alone."
Chief Nelson said, "When you want to control someone, you make sure they understand the consequences."
Chief Nelson said Mohammad Ali was one of his heroes. "He refused to be told what to think."
"We refuse to be told who we are," he said of the American Indian Movement.
Chief Nelson said youths should not be encouraged to think of themselves as  victims.
"We are not 10 year olds watching James get beaten."
He said today there are 10,000 children in Manitoba in the care system.
"Why are we doing this right now to our own children today."

Milton "Grasshopper" Bazinau, of Mackinac Island in northern Michigan, said he had to come here today to tell his story. Milton described being sexually abused by a priest at the age of five, and the shame and heartache of standing there with blood running down his leg.

"I carry a lot of pain."
The priest told him that he would kill him and kill his family if he ever told anyone.
Milton said it is fear that keeps people from understanding one another.
"They were trying to destroy us rather than understand us."
Milton said his mother never wanted to be known as Native American. He said he forgives his mother, who began having children at 15. "She was a child raising children."
Milton said he found his way back to himself through Indian culture and the Sundance.
"If I hadn't been a Sundancer, I wouldn't be alive today," Milton said.

During the afternoon session of the Tribunal, the testimony of Mitch Walking Elk was read into the record. Dennis Banks also spoke on the abuse in boarding schools. Describing being called a terrorist by the FBI later in life, Banks said, "These names that they called me mean nothing."

Testimonies of abuse in boarding schools by children kidnapped from their families were also read into the record on Thursday, including the testimony of imprisoned activist Leonard Peltier who was stolen from his family as a child in North Dakota.


The testimony on Thursday was followed by a Pipe Ceremony.


The Boarding School Tribunal continues all day on Friday, with a banquet on Friday night. Earthcycles will provide livestreaming again on Friday.




Watch live streaming video from earthcycles at livestream.com
Follow live sessions on Wednesday through Friday
Oct. 22 -- 25, 2014
Green Bay, Wisconsin
Earthcycles and Censored News are live in Green Bay!
Information on the Tribunal
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Community Feast during Boarding School Tribunal on Thursday evening/Blues Skies photo

First Voices Indigenous Radio Oct. 23, 2014

By First Voices Indigenous Radio 
Censored News
Host John Kane, Mohawk, speaks with those at the Boarding School Tribunal in Wisconsin, on national radio First Voices Indigenous Radio, WBAI.
Listen live: http://stream.wbai.org/

Brenda Norrell, Grand Chief Terrance Nelson and Dr. Pamela Pam Palmater will join John Kane on Thursday, Oct. 23, on a special two-hour edition of WBAI-FM’s “First Voices Indigenous Radio, 10 a.m. to noon EDT /9-11 a.m. CDT / 8-10 a.m. MDT / 7-9 a.m. PDT / 4-6 a.m. HST. 
Brenda Norrell—John’s first guest—is the publisher of Censored News. She has been a news reporter in Indian country for 32 years. During the 18 years that she lived on the Navajo Nation, she was a reporter for Navajo Times and stringer for the Associated Press and USA Today. After being censored and terminated by Indian Country Today in 2006, she created Censored News, now its ninth year with no advertising. Grand Chief Terrance Nelson—John’s second guest during the first hour—is Anishinabe, Lynx Clan, Treaty # 1 Territory, Vice Chair National AIM and Former Chief of Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation. Chief Nelson has served as chief for eight and half years. He has been a political activist for more than 30 years and is a self-trained economic strategist. During Nelson’s time as chief, he has built two gas stations/cigarette shops, two gaming centers, settled a land claim for $80.6 million and set a new precedent of $10,064 per acre for agriculture land. Chief Nelson organized the National Day of Action on June 29, 2007, an event that shook up Big Business in Canada. This week, Brenda Norrell and Chief Nelson are attending “Devastating Effects of Boarding Schools on Indigenous Peoples: Second Annual Tribunal on the Abuse of Indigenous Human Rights” in Green Bay, Wisconsin. The meeting is focusing on the experiences of Native children who were forced at early ages to attend Indian boarding schools. Dr. Palmater—John’s guest during the second hour—is a Mi’kmaw and member of Eel River Bar First Nation in northern New Brunswick. She is a lawyer, author, activist and helped lead the Idle No More movement in Canada. Dr. Palmater currently holds the position of Chair in Indigenous Governance at Ryerson University in Toronto. Listen locally in the NYC area on 99.5 FM. The show streams live atwww.wbai.org and will be archived immediately following the broadcast at the same web address (search “Archive”). (Pamela Palmater photo by Michelle Girouard)